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You are viewing Total Federal Investment at ABA-approved law schools grouped by Risk Level

The following charts, grouped by Risk Level, show change in federal investment between 2010 and 2014. Risk level is determined by the 25th Percentile LSAT score for students who entered in 2014. Schools that are either "Extreme," "Very High," or "High" risk are "Serious Risk." More on risk levels.

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Group Average uses a normal average rather than a weighted average. Risk level is determined by the 25th Percentile LSAT score for students who entered in 2014. Schools that are either "Extreme," "Very High," or "High" risk are "Serious Risk." More on risk levels. Total Federal Investment is the amount cumulatively borrowed by law school graduates at a law school. We determined each group by that amount, and then found the average federal investment at the schools in the group. The amount borrowed does not include interest that accumulated during law school, debt from other degree programs, or private debt related to attending law school. Learn about Total Federal Investment

The Adjusted Total estimates the actual total investment. We assume an average amount borrowed based on known debt figures for the group and borrowing rates based on school type (regardless of group). The caption under each adjusted figure shows how many graduates at how many schools for which we used an estimate.

Grouped by Risk Level Federal Investment for 2010 Graduates
36,753 Borrowing Graduates
Federal Investment for 2014 Graduates
34,006 Borrowing Graduates (-7.5%)
Change
Group Average Adjusted Total Group Average Adjusted Total
Minimal Risk
51 schools
$21.7 Million $1.12 Billion
Known TFI + 502 Grads at 2 Schools
$25.1 Million
Per School
$1.28 Billion
Known TFI + 0 Grads at 0 Schools
14.7%
Low Risk
31 schools
$19 Million $589.3 Million
Known TFI + 0 Grads at 0 Schools
$20.4 Million
Per School
$632.2 Million
Known TFI + 0 Grads at 0 Schools
7.3%
Modest Risk
41 schools
$15.5 Million $631.7 Million
Known TFI + 128 Grads at 1 Schools
$16 Million
Per School
$649.8 Million
Known TFI + 242 Grads at 2 Schools
2.9%
High Risk
29 schools
$19.4 Million $570.5 Million
Known TFI + 254 Grads at 1 Schools
$20.3 Million
Per School
$567.3 Million
Known TFI + 0 Grads at 1 Schools
-0.6%
Very High Risk
19 schools
$16.9 Million $321.9 Million
Known TFI + 0 Grads at 0 Schools
$19 Million
Per School
$375.7 Million
Known TFI + 420 Grads at 2 Schools
16.7%
Extreme Risk
26 schools
$18.6 Million $462.6 Million
Known TFI + 152 Grads at 2 Schools
$25.1 Million
Per School
$541.7 Million
Known TFI + 672 Grads at 8 Schools
17.1%
Serious Risk Schools
74 schools
$18.5 Million $1.36 Billion
Known TFI + 406 Grads at 3 Schools
$21.3 Million
Per School
$1.48 Billion
Known TFI + 1,092 Grads at 11 Schools
9.2%
Other Schools
123 schools
$18.9 Million $2.34 Billion
Known TFI + 630 Grads at 3 Schools
$21 Million
Per School
$2.56 Billion
Known TFI + 242 Grads at 2 Schools
9.8%

Read this chart across each row. For example, the federal government increased its investment at the 51 schools with Minimal Risk by 14.7% for graduates between 2010 and 2014, from $1.12 Billion to $1.28 Billion.

School Risk Level Total Federal Investment for 2010 Graduates Total Federal Investment for 2014 Graduates Change
Georgetown University Minimal $67,887,045 $74,511,855 9.8%
New York University Minimal $49,566,924 $52,301,376 5.5%
George Washington University Minimal $45,430,000 $64,453,776 41.9%
Loyola Marymount University Minimal $43,780,377 $49,775,237 13.7%
Fordham University Minimal $43,717,040 $43,297,716 -1%
Columbia University Minimal $42,272,685 $54,851,056 29.8%
University of Michigan Minimal $35,097,629 $41,331,576 17.8%
University of Virginia Minimal $34,470,264 $35,953,504 4.3%
University of California - Los Angeles Minimal $28,172,076 $31,356,094 11.3%
Santa Clara University Minimal $26,930,988 $29,726,830 10.4%
Northwestern University Minimal $26,006,260 $37,994,145 46.1%
Tulane University Minimal $25,172,582 $25,514,665 1.4%
University of Pennsylvania Minimal $24,850,092 $26,780,412 7.8%
University of Texas Minimal $23,992,848 $26,225,680 9.3%
Boston University Minimal $23,915,400 $17,471,700 -26.9%
University of California - Berkeley Minimal $23,001,804 $32,154,304 39.8%
Boston College Minimal $22,828,300 $20,371,260 -10.8%
Washington University in St Louis Minimal $21,937,806 $19,819,410 -9.7%
University of Chicago Minimal $21,119,505 $22,861,810 8.2%
Temple University Minimal $20,874,672 $18,199,401 -12.8%
Duke University Minimal $20,617,891 $21,569,832 4.6%
University of Minnesota Minimal $20,454,336 $21,993,930 7.5%
Emory University Minimal $20,442,616 $24,998,700 22.3%
University of Southern California Minimal $19,399,545 $22,357,569 15.2%
Cornell University Minimal $19,278,000 $21,465,000 11.3%
George Mason University Minimal $18,832,704 $19,768,788 5%
Vanderbilt University Minimal $18,240,480 $17,982,069 -1.4%
Case Western Reserve University Minimal $16,947,000 $16,202,052 -4.4%
Southern Methodist University Minimal $16,935,408 $24,424,932 44.2%
University of Wisconsin Minimal $16,675,365 $14,445,886 -13.4%
Yale University Minimal $14,918,196 $20,725,461 38.9%
Ohio State University Minimal $14,816,256 $16,881,654 13.9%
William and Mary Minimal $14,784,324 $16,742,790 13.2%
Stanford University Minimal $14,723,784 $18,708,002 27.1%
University of California - Davis Minimal $14,628,671 $12,154,740 -16.9%
University of Iowa Minimal $14,502,015 $13,486,458 -7%
University of Notre Dame Minimal $13,108,020 $16,362,570 24.8%
Arizona State University Minimal $12,554,358 $13,348,047 6.3%
Wake Forest University Minimal $12,491,882 $17,850,312 42.9%
University of Georgia Minimal $11,619,129 $15,011,425 29.2%
Washington and Lee University Minimal $11,550,730 $11,161,044 -3.4%
University of Illinois Minimal $11,520,720 $14,106,764 22.4%
University of Colorado Minimal $11,047,964 $16,162,920 46.3%
University of Arizona Minimal $10,820,856 $10,699,696 -1.1%
University of North Carolina Minimal $10,597,312 $18,217,575 71.9%
University of Washington Minimal $9,128,592 $16,746,420 83.5%
Florida State University Minimal $9,021,726 $18,325,500 103.1%
University of Alabama Minimal $8,159,000 $7,846,720 -3.8%
Brigham Young University Minimal $6,277,800 $5,366,097 -14.5%
Harvard University Minimal - $62,057,149 -
University of California - Irvine Minimal - $7,716,825 -
Brooklyn Law School Low $37,978,459 $34,715,806 -8.6%
University of Miami Low $35,832,932 $46,318,090 29.3%
University of California - Hastings Low $35,620,823 $46,762,436 31.3%
Cardozo-Yeshiva University Low $34,373,371 $33,330,456 -3%
University of San Diego Low $33,651,342 $28,136,463 -16.4%
University of Denver Low $33,310,584 $31,832,003 -4.4%
St. John's University Low $28,091,250 $23,063,554 -17.9%
Loyola University Chicago Low $22,467,436 $29,692,960 32.2%
Pepperdine University Low $21,019,152 $21,828,750 3.9%
Indiana University - Bloomington Low $20,550,378 $16,161,300 -21.4%
University of Maryland Low $19,165,697 $22,378,077 16.8%
Syracuse University Low $19,163,040 $21,584,583 12.6%
Lewis and Clark College Low $19,067,040 $25,921,056 35.9%
Northeastern University Low $18,884,527 $25,364,584 34.3%
University of Florida Low $18,792,032 $20,108,040 7%
Penn State University Low $18,170,306 $19,195,510 5.6%
Rutgers State University - Newark Low $17,461,346 $18,527,949 6.1%
Chapman University Low $17,374,664 $16,178,761 -6.9%
University of Oregon Low $15,530,010 $16,944,000 9.1%
University of Houston Low $15,331,866 $18,176,120 18.6%
Baylor University Low $12,884,608 $11,316,602 -12.2%
University of Richmond Low $12,151,800 $13,135,220 8.1%
University of Connecticut Low $11,829,346 $10,590,989 -10.5%
University of Oklahoma Low $10,695,584 $9,242,157 -13.6%
Louisiana State University Low $9,794,142 $16,731,077 70.8%
University of Nevada - Las Vegas Low $9,559,750 $11,064,258 15.7%
University of Tennessee Low $9,306,726 $8,010,321 -13.9%
University of Missouri - Columbia Low $8,837,888 $7,872,813 -10.9%
Georgia State University Low $7,807,488 $11,590,452 48.5%
University of Utah Low $7,338,135 $9,132,100 24.4%
University of Kansas Low $7,214,596 $7,339,220 1.7%
American University Modest $53,223,311 $60,858,712 14.3%
Stetson University Modest $36,167,944 $37,840,470 4.6%
Catholic University of America Modest $34,874,580 $22,000,024 -36.9%
Loyola University New Orleans Modest $31,835,700 $22,871,048 -28.2%
Michigan State University Modest $31,231,872 $23,109,548 -26%
St. Louis University Modest $30,960,000 $29,615,720 -4.3%
Seton Hall University Modest $29,659,036 $27,413,400 -7.6%
Seattle University Modest $28,760,350 $37,190,162 29.3%
Villanova University Modest $22,890,670 $17,439,351 -23.8%
Chicago-Kent College of Law Modest $20,160,980 $26,973,900 33.8%
Rutgers State University - Camden Modest $20,017,935 - -
Texas A&M Modest $18,052,710 $17,077,500 -5.4%
Gonzaga University Modest $17,716,284 $17,464,464 -1.4%
University of San Francisco Modest $16,997,552 $26,697,533 57.1%
Duquesne University Modest $15,114,360 $12,577,032 -16.8%
University of Pittsburgh Modest $14,665,556 $17,795,292 21.3%
University of South Carolina Modest $13,174,932 $13,534,400 2.7%
University of New Hampshire Modest $13,102,576 $13,725,997 4.8%
University of St. Thomas - Minneapolis Modest $12,932,654 $12,449,724 -3.7%
SUNY Buffalo Modest $12,350,286 $11,781,550 -4.6%
University of Tulsa Modest $12,196,195 $8,143,010 -33.2%
University of Missouri - Kansas City Modest $10,982,807 - -
Cleveland-Marshall College of Law Modest $10,435,642 $12,223,544 17.1%
Texas Tech University Modest $10,040,708 $13,652,064 36%
Drexel University Modest $9,581,220 $10,845,970 13.2%
Wayne State University Modest $9,115,944 $11,582,745 27.1%
University of Louisville Modest $8,868,915 $9,199,890 3.7%
University of Mississippi Modest $7,689,488 $10,585,435 37.7%
Quinnipiac University Modest $7,507,968 $11,275,864 50.2%
CUNY Modest $6,871,662 $9,642,555 40.3%
University of Memphis Modest $6,841,548 $8,661,330 26.6%
University of Cincinnati Modest $6,722,325 $8,356,267 24.3%
West Virginia University Modest $6,668,214 $9,489,424 42.3%
University of Arkansas - Fayetteville Modest $6,255,738 $6,290,559 0.6%
University of Nebraska Modest $5,467,660 $5,794,620 6%
University of Kentucky Modest $5,053,077 $7,674,600 51.9%
University of Montana Modest $4,436,424 $5,127,552 15.6%
University of New Mexico Modest $4,113,272 $6,889,813 67.5%
University of Hawaii Modest $3,868,194 $4,107,418 6.2%
University of Wyoming Modest $2,955,963 $3,756,872 27.1%
Florida International University Modest - $12,214,840 -
New York Law School High $53,268,902 $57,317,968 7.6%
University of the Pacific High $36,621,075 $23,325,822 -36.3%
South Texas College of Law Houston High $36,387,114 $37,764,336 3.8%
Hofstra University High $32,860,220 $36,486,084 11%
Southwestern Law School High $32,639,991 - -
Albany Law School High $27,215,349 $22,521,832 -17.2%
William Mitchell College of Law High $26,575,776 $29,677,784 11.7%
University of Baltimore High $26,458,686 $29,943,225 13.2%
Widener University - Delaware High $25,962,888 $29,238,090 12.6%
DePaul University High $24,386,124 $31,347,855 28.5%
Marquette University High $22,910,576 $25,292,204 10.4%
St. Mary's University High $19,323,895 $20,903,978 8.2%
Pace University High $16,687,206 $22,847,660 36.9%
University of Detroit Mercy High $16,392,460 $16,266,135 -0.8%
Creighton University High $14,595,840 $15,443,492 5.8%
Howard University High $14,112,504 $13,394,268 -5.1%
Samford University High $13,589,100 $13,651,660 0.5%
Regent University High $12,962,208 $14,142,854 9.1%
Mercer University High $12,459,030 $15,286,722 22.7%
Drake University High $11,813,304 $13,280,554 12.4%
Campbell University High $11,799,856 $11,798,515 -0%
Willamette University High $11,144,334 $15,379,187 38%
University of Toledo High $10,688,822 $10,758,564 0.7%
Washburn University High $9,980,512 $8,089,412 -18.9%
University of Akron High $6,736,688 $8,396,844 24.6%
University of Idaho High $6,644,295 $10,015,056 50.7%
University of Maine High $5,816,508 $8,038,171 38.2%
Liberty University High $3,349,728 $4,863,250 45.2%
Indiana University - Indianapolis High - $21,843,126 -
California Western School of Law Very High $36,405,250 $30,088,203 -17.4%
University of Illinois at Chicago - John Marshall Law School Very High $35,854,710 $51,092,408 42.5%
New England School of Law Very High $27,623,130 - -
Nova Southeastern University Very High $26,961,290 $32,884,450 22%
Touro College Very High $21,833,694 $25,860,785 18.4%
Golden Gate University Very High $20,465,830 $23,552,368 15.1%
John Marshall Law School - Atlanta Very High $19,560,975 - -
Vermont Law School Very High $19,187,100 $17,081,717 -11%
Roger Williams University Very High $18,500,700 $19,152,907 3.5%
Oklahoma City University Very High $17,912,130 $16,277,784 -9.1%
Hamline University Very High $16,179,580 $20,937,005 29.4%
Widener University - Pennsylvania Very High $12,421,899 $14,062,129 13.2%
Elon Law School Very High $9,172,251 $11,787,516 28.5%
Northern Kentucky University Very High $8,595,873 $10,456,614 21.6%
University of Dayton Very High $8,482,000 $13,618,320 60.6%
Western State University Very High $6,816,579 $16,487,950 141.9%
University of Arkansas - Little Rock Very High $6,118,266 $7,300,860 19.3%
University of The District of Columbia Very High $5,002,689 $5,341,775 6.8%
Northern Illinois University Very High $4,786,368 $6,328,924 32.2%
Thomas M Cooley Law School Extreme $88,447,128 - -
Florida Coastal School of Law Extreme $47,441,540 $73,253,250 54.4%
Suffolk University Extreme $47,095,563 $50,696,067 7.6%
Thomas Jefferson School of Law Extreme $28,843,920 $46,042,815 59.6%
Barry University Extreme $25,400,250 $29,685,825 16.9%
St. Thomas University - Florida Extreme $20,276,070 $27,739,176 36.8%
Charleston School of Law Extreme $20,057,076 $25,142,301 25.4%
Valparaiso University Extreme $17,728,308 $21,121,600 19.1%
Capital University Extreme $17,065,290 $17,015,100 -0.3%
Western New England University School of Law Extreme $16,029,790 $11,711,160 -26.9%
North Carolina Central University Extreme $14,446,408 $7,083,442 -51%
Whittier Law School Extreme $13,615,030 $26,833,554 97.1%
Mississippi College Extreme $12,963,384 $17,775,200 37.1%
Texas Southern University Extreme $9,585,000 - -
Florida A&M University Extreme $9,434,713 - -
University of La Verne Extreme $9,212,567 - -
Ohio Northern University Extreme $8,866,132 $9,806,524 10.6%
Southern Illinois University Extreme $7,812,591 - -
Southern University Law Center Extreme $7,366,788 $12,099,519 64.2%
Ave Maria School of Law Extreme $7,336,308 $12,694,656 73%
Charlotte School of Law Extreme $6,941,373 $53,681,696 673.4%
University of North Dakota Extreme $4,145,408 $4,213,170 1.6%
Faulkner University Extreme $3,737,000 - -
University of South Dakota Extreme $2,982,056 $5,764,299 93.3%
Arizona Summit Law School Extreme - - -
Appalachian School of Law Extreme - - -